Ingredient Description and Benefits

Pure Hemp Extract

Hemp extract (or CBD – cannabidiol) is one of over 100 compounds found in the cannabis plant. However, unlike THC, CBD is non-psychoactive because of its chemical properties and reaction in the body. Recently, CBD has gained popularity for its health benefits. This summer the FDA approved the first ever CBD (or hemp extract) oil for treatment of epilepsy (Read more here).

Living Health and Wellness has launched a line of innovative, USDA certified organic hemp extract products. We hold our hemp products to the same high standard of Living Juice. Our hemp extract is the highest-quality possible, cold-pressed from the hemp seeds. We manufacture our hemp oil under strict conditions to ensure you receive the exact potency and quality as described on the label. Living Hemp extract oil is non-psychoactive. Our hemp extract oils are blended with organic, fractionated MCT oil. MCT is a form of saturated fatty acid supporting issues ranging from cognitive function to weight management.

Pure Hemp Extract’s Benefits

There are many health benefits to hemp extract, and hemp extract has been used for many years as a natural and holistic treatment for inflammation, pain relief, depression and more. Scientific evidence is accumulating giving hemp extract oil more backing and added popularity when it comes to natural treatments. Below are some of the health benefits of hemp extract, backed by science.
 

  • Hemp Extract May Relieve Chronic Pain.
  • Hemp Extract Oil Reduces Anxiety And Depression.
  • Hemp Extract Relieves Cancer Symptoms And May Reduce Tumor-Growth Cells.
  • Hemp Extract Oil Is Proven To Reduce Seizures In Epilepsy.
  • Hemp Extract Has Displayed Anti-Psychotic Properties.
  • Hemp Extract Could Help Lower Risk Of Diabetes And Heart Disease.
  • Hemp Extract May Improve Skin Health.].
  • Hemp Extract May Help Treat Substance Use Disorders.

Sweet Almond Oil

Sweet almond oil is skin’s BFF. Sweet almond oil is full of vitamin E, vitamin A, monosaturated fatty acids, protein, potassium, and zinc

Nearly half of a dried almond’s weight is oil. Ripe almonds are pressed to extract the oil with minimal heat.

This unrefined almond oil protects the nutrients and the flavor of the oil. High heat and sometimes chemicals are used to create refined almond oil.

Almonds are nutritional powerhouses. They’re full of healthy fats, fiber, phytochemicals, vitamins, and minerals.

Almonds were originally grown in the Middle East. Today, California is the largest producer of almonds in the world. California’s almond production has doubled in the past 20 years. That’s because more and more people are becoming aware of the health benefits. The American Heart Association recommends almonds for their heart-healthy fats.

Nearly half of a dried almond’s weight is oil. Ripe almonds are pressed to extract the oil with minimal heat.

This unrefined almond oil protects the nutrients and the flavor of the oil. High heat and sometimes chemicals are used to create refined almond oil.

While refined almond oil is more heat-tolerant, it may lack the nutritional value of unrefined varieties. Almond oil, which is also called sweet almond oil, is not the same as bitter almond oil.

Bitter almond oil is made from a different variety of almonds. It is refined to remove toxins that are naturally present in the skin of the almonds. 

Almond oil is full of vitamin E, and it’s a great source of magnesium, phosphorus, and copper. The antioxidant-rich oil is known for its free radical fighting abilities. It’s also anti-inflammatory and boosts immunity.

Containing omega-3 fatty acids, almond oil might help you maintain healthy cholesterol levels and improve your memory. It may help lower your risk for diseases like cancer and heart disease.

 

Sweet Almond Oil’s Benefits

  • It can lighten dark undereye circles
  • It can relieve sun exposure, eczema, and rashes
  • It’s a fantastic natural makeup remover
  • The zinc in sweet almond oil is great for healing brittle nails
  • Because many hair care products strip your hair of natural oils, sweet almond oil can help restore this protective barrier

Limonene (from natural oils)

Limonene is the oil extracted from the peels of oranges and other citrus fruits (1).
People have been extracting essential oils like limonene from citrus fruits for centuries. Today, limonene is often used as a natural treatment for a variety of health issues and is a popular ingredient in household items.

Limonene is a chemical found in the rind of citrus fruits, such as lemons, limes, and oranges. It is especially concentrated in orange peels, comprising around 97% of this rind’s essential oils (2Trusted Source).

It’s often referred to as d-limonene, which is its main chemical form.

Limonene belongs to a group of compounds known as terpenes, whose strong aromas protect plants by deterring predators (3Trusted Source).

Limonene is one of the most common terpenes found in nature and may offer several health benefits. It has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-stress, and possibly disease-preventing properties.

Limonene (from natural oils) Health Benefits

Limonene has been studied for its potential anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and heart-disease-fighting properties.

Myrcene

A monoterpene and a significant component of the essential oil of numerous plants and fruits. These include cannabis, ylang-ylang, bay, parsley, wild thyme, lemongrass, hops and cardamom, plus the mango fruit. The production of myrcene generally derives semi-synthetically from the myrcia flower. The terpene’s floral origins make it an indirect ingredient in some fragrances. Myrcene is notable as the most prominent terpene contained in cannabis according to a Swiss study, comprising up to 65% of the terpene content in a cannabis plant.

Myrcene is also a proven anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory. Like another terpene, limonene, myrcene has an effect on the permeability of cell membranes, meaning it acts as a regulator of other terpenes and cannabinoids, enhancing or buffering their effects and potency (similar to how CBD modulates THC).

 

Myrcene’s Benefits

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Analgesic (pain relief)
  • Antibiotic
  • Sedative
  • Antimutagenic

Bacopa Monnieri

Also called brahmi, is a staple plant in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. It has been used by Ayurvedic medical practitioners for centuries for a variety of purposes. In fact, research shows that it may boost brain function and alleviate anxiety and stress.  There are 7 emerging benefits of Bacopa monnieri.

Contains Powerful Antioxidants and active compounds called
bacosides, which have been shown to have antioxidant effects, especially in the brain.

May Reduce Inflammation: Test-tube and animal studies show
that Bacopa monnieri may have potent anti-inflammatory properties and suppress pro-inflammatory enzymes and cytokines.

May Boost Brain Function: Animal and human studies show
that Bacopa monnieri may help improve memory, attention, and the
ability to process visual information.

May Help Reduce ADHD Symptoms, such as restlessness and
self-control, but more large-scale human studies are needed.

May Help Reduce Stress And Anxiety by elevating mood and reducing cortisol levels. However, human studies show mixed results.

May Help Reduce Blood Pressure. Research suggests that Bacopa
monnieri 
may help keep blood pressure within a healthy range in animals with high blood pressure levels. However, human research in this area is

May Have Anticancer Properties: has been shown to block the growth and spread of cancer cells in test-tube and animal studies, but human research is needed to confirm these effects.*

*Source – healthline.com/nutrition/bacopa-monnieri-benefits#section7

Pure CBD Extracted Hemp Oil, Shea Butter, Beeswax, Sweet Almond Oil, Coconut Oil, Clove Essential Oil, Orange Essential Oil, Lavender, Citrus

Pure CBD  Extracted Hemp Oil, Shea Butter, Beeswax, Sweet Almond Oil, Coconut Oil, Turmeric Oil, Cayenne, Clove Oil, Ginger Oil, Orange Oil, Lavender

Linalool (from natural essential oils)

Linalool is a naturally occurring terpene found in many flowers and spices including lavender and coriander. It gives off a complex yet delicate floral aroma, and while its effects are myriad, it is in particular one of the substances used most widely to reduce stress.

Humans have inhaled the scent of certain plants, including many containing linalool, since ancient times to help lower stress levels, fight inflammation, and combat depression. Linalool has been the subject of many studies, including a recent one in which scientists allowed lab rats to inhale linalool while exposing them to stressful conditions. It was reported that linalool returned elevated stress levels in the immune system to near-normal conditions.

Linalool’s Benefits

  • Anti-anxiety
  • Antidepressant
  • Sedative
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-epileptic
  • Analgesic

Strains that frequently display high levels of linalool include Amnesia HazeLavender, and LA Confidential. At Tilray specifically, strains currently producing high concentrations of linalool include Master KushPink Kush, and OG Shark.

Myrcene (from essential oils)

A monoterpene and a significant component of the essential oil of numerous plants and fruits. These include cannabis, ylang-ylang, bay, parsley, wild thyme, lemongrass, hops and cardamom, plus the mango fruit. The production of myrcene generally derives semi-synthetically from the myrcia flower. The terpene’s floral origins make it an indirect ingredient in some fragrances. Myrcene is notable as the most prominent terpene contained in cannabis according to a Swiss study, comprising up to 65% of the terpene content in a cannabis plant.

Myrcene is also a proven anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory. Like another terpene, limonene, myrcene has an effect on the permeability of cell membranes, meaning it acts as a regulator of other terpenes and cannabinoids, enhancing or buffering their effects and potency (similar to how CBD modulates THC).

 

Myrcene’s Benefits
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Analgesic (pain relief)
  • Antibiotic
  • Sedative
  • Antimutagenic

Frationated Cocnut Oil

Fractionated coconut oil is an oil made from regular coconut oil.

Both regular and fractionated coconut oils are great sources of medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs), providing fatty acids that contain between 6 and 12 carbon atoms.

However, their fatty acid composition is vastly different.

While the main fatty acid in coconut oil is the 12-carbon lauric acid (C12), most or all of this fatty acid has been removed from fractionated coconut oil.

The long-chain fatty acids present in coconut oil have also been eliminated.

The main medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) in fractionated coconut oil are:

  • C8: Caprylic acid or octanoic acid.
  • C10: Capric acid or decanoic acid.

MCFAs are metabolized differently than other fats.

They’re transported directly to the liver from the digestive tract, where they may be used as a quick source of energy. They can also be turned into ketone bodies, compounds that may have therapeutic effects in epilepsy (1Trusted Source).

Fractionated coconut oil is tasteless, odorless and usually more expensive than regular coconut oil.

Frationated Cocnut Oil’s Benefits

The MCTs in fractionated coconut oil have been associated with several other health benefits, including:

  • Improved exercise performance: MCTs have been claimed to provide an alternative energy source during endurance exercise, sparing glycogen stores in the muscles. But overall, the evidence is weak (11Trusted Source12Trusted Source13Trusted Source14Trusted Source).
  • Reduce insulin resistance: One small study found that taking MCTs may reduce insulin resistance and improve other risk factors in overweight diabetics. More studies are needed to confirm this (15Trusted Source).
  • Epilepsy treatment: Children with epilepsy may benefit from a ketogenic diet enriched with MCTs. Adding the MCTs may allow them to eat more carbs and protein, making the diet easier to stick to (16Trusted Source17Trusted Source).
  • Better brain function: One study reported that in some people with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease, MCTs may improve brain function. However, this needs to be studied further (18Trusted Source).

Vitamin E, Myrcene

Vitamin E is a nutrient that’s important to vision, reproduction, and the health of your blood, brain and skin.

Vitamin E also has antioxidant properties. Antioxidants are substances that might protect your cells against the effects of free radicals — molecules produced when your body breaks down food or is exposed to tobacco smoke and radiation. Free radicals might play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases. If you take vitamin E for its antioxidant properties, keep in mind that the supplement might not offer the same benefits as naturally occurring antioxidants in food.

Foods rich in vitamin E include canola oil, olive oil, margarine, almonds and peanuts. You can also get vitamin E from meats, dairy, leafy greens and fortified cereals. Vitamin E is also available as an oral supplement in capsules or drops.

Vitamin E deficiency can cause nerve pain (neuropathy).

 

 Vitamin E, Myrcene’s Benefits

  • Balances Cholesterol
  • Fights Free Radicals and Prevents Disease Development
  • Repairs Damaged Skin
  • Thickens Hair
  • Balances Hormones
  • Helps PMS Symptoms
  •  Improves Vision
  • Helps People with Alzheimer’s Disease
  • May Lower Cancer Risk and Improve Effects of Medical Treatments
  • Improves Physical Endurance and Muscle Strength
  • Important During Pregnancy for Growth and Development

Humulene

Humulene, formerly classified as α-caryophyllene, is a sesquiterpene named after Humulus lupulus, a.k.a. the hops plant. Hops and cannabis are both in the taxonomic family Cannabaceae, and humulene plays a big role in providing the same aromatic notes to both species of plants.

Humulene shares the same chemical formula as its close relative, β-caryophyllene, however, the two sesquiterpenes differ in structure. Many of the same plants containing β-caryophyllene—such as basil, sage, and clove—also contain humulene, and the two have very similar aromas.

Humulene: The Anti-Inflammatory Terpene

Humulene, also known as α-caryophyllene, offers a subtle woody, earthy, and spicy notes partly responsible for the unique scent of cannabis.

Besides its herbaceous charm, this terpene offers healing benefits that have been used in holistic Eastern medicinal practices for centuries.

Modern medicine has its insights on this terpene, as research on black pepper, ginseng, and hops have proven its powerful topical and systemic anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. It can also be found in plants such as Basil, Sage, Ginger, Clove, Ginseng, and Hops.

Humulene’s Benefits

  • Anti-bacterial & Antifungal Properties
  • Anti-Inflammatory Properties
  • Pharmacokinetic Properties
  • Pharmacokinetic Properties
  • Repels Insects
  • Analgesic Properties

Beta Caryophyllene

Research shows that molecules that selectively target the CB2 receptor of the endocannabinoid system may help to treat anxiety and depression. Beta-caryophyllene, as a terpene that acts as a cannabinoid, is one such molecule.

The cannabis plant is loaded with extremely interesting chemical constituents. The most popular among these by far are the cannabinoids. The plant itself has become famous and a major topic of debate due to the psychoactive effects instigated by the cannabinoid THC.

CBD has also recently come into notoriety due to research regarding its widespread therapeutic applications. However, cannabinoids aren’t the only compounds within the cannabis plant worth paying attention to.

Terpenes appear all throughout nature within different plant species. These molecules are produced by trichomes, the mushroom-shaped glands found on the surface of cannabis leaves and flowers. Trichomes are also responsible for producing cannabinoids and other compounds.

 

Beta-Caryophyllene’s Benefits

  • May Increase Longevity And Mitochondrial Function
  • Protects The Brain
  • May Improve Stroke Outcome
  • Protects The Vascular System
  • May Prevent Alzheimer’s Disease
  • May Help With Parkinson’s Disease
  • May Help Multiple Sclerosis
  • Protects The Gut
  • Lightens The Skin
  • May Improve Oral Hygiene
  • Is An Anti-Microbial
  • May Reduce Depression And Anxiety
  • Helps With Sleep
  • Relieves Pain
  • May Prevent Cancer
  • Helps With Alcohol Addiction
  • May Improve Bone Density And Improve Weight Loss
  • Protects The Kidneys
  • Protects Against Diabetes
  • Improves Liver Function
  • May Affect Sex Organs

    Terpinolene

    Terpinolene is the terpene partly responsible for the woody, piney smell cannabis can often have, and is one of many to feature in the plant. It is not a cannabis exclusive, though. Terpinolene can also be found in tea tree, conifers, apple, cumin, sage, rosemary and lilac. Also known as delta terpinene, terpinolene’s woody aroma, is often accompanied by citrusy and floral tones. It is a permanent member of the numerous terpenes’ families residing in the cannabis flowers, so let’s meet this hydrocarbon.

    Terpenes are chemicals with a huge array of fragrances, flavours, and effects. Their extractions from plants are the most important components of the essential oils used in herbal medicine, nutritional supplements and cosmetics. Terpinolene is used as an aroma agent in soaps and perfumes, and also as a component of some insect repellents. As opposed to other terpenes found in cannabis, terpinolene is neither an analgesic nor an anti-inflammatory. However, this terpene is studied for its antifungal and antibacterial properties, and also for its mild sedative action. We are interested in terpinolene as users and patients because it is one of the actors in the synergetic performance that enhances the action of THC and CBD.

    Terpinolene may possess antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, but research so far has focused on extracts of plants where terpinolene was just one of the many active compounds – making it hard to draw conclusions without further research.

    Terpinolene was found to be an antioxidant, also exerting an action that could prevent low-density lipoprotein oxidation. LDL is commonly known as bad cholesterol, a major contributor to heart diseases. The potential prevention of oxidation damage to cells and other molecules showed by terpinolene goes together with the ability to inhibit cancer cell growth. A decrease of the cell proliferation in some forms of cancer is a meaningful result from recent research.

    A few studies also mention the sedative properties of terpinolene, making it a candidate for a natural remedy against insomnia. Its mild yet effective depressant action on the central nervous system could also be applied to the reduction of psychological excitement and anxiety.

     

    Terpinolene’s Benefits

    • Anti-Fungal
    • Sedative
    • Anti-Oxidant
    • Anti-Bacterial
    • Anti-cancer

      Alpha Pinene

      Infobox references. α-Pinene is an organic compound of the terpene class, one of two isomers of pinene. It is an alkene and it contains a reactive four-membered ring. It is found in the oils of many species of many coniferous trees, notably the pine.

      A study in 2011 showed that alpha-pinene, along with all the different cannabinoids and terpenes found in cannabis, interact synergistically and amplify anti-inflammatory activity. These results show that alpha-pinene is helpful in inflammation management for diseases such as arthritis, Crohn’s, and multiple sclerosis.

      Alpha Pinene’s Benefits

      Just as different cannabinoids have different effects, so do terpenes. These unique attributes contribute to the overall composition of a strain, adding a dimension to each one’s “personality.” Though research is still exploring and validating pinene’s effects and benefits, studies so far suggest the following properties:

      Beta Pinene

      Beta-Pinene (β-pinene) is a monoterpene, an organic compound found in plants. It is one of the two isomers of pinene, the other being α-pinene. It is colorless liquid soluble in alcohol, but not water. It has a woody-green pine-like smell. This is one of the most abundant compounds released by forest trees.

      Beta Pinene’s Benefits

      Anti-depressant:
      Antidepressant-like activity is seen in essential oils that contain β-pinene and Linalool, which are two most volatile monoterpenes.

      Antibacterial Activities:
      beta-Pinene also possesses antibacterial activities.  A study on Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil and three of its main components α-pinene (19.43%), 1,8-cineole (27.23%), and β-pinene (6.71%) were studied to understand the in vitro antibacterial behavior and toxicology characteristics. During the study, essential oils of R. officinalis L., α-pinene and β-pinene were treated on Gram-positive, and Gram- negative bacteria. The results showed that Gram-positive bacteria were more responsive to the oil.

      Cytotoxic Activity:
      Most essential oils are used in the industries of food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and sanitary for their diverse activities that support insecticidal, anti-parasitical, bactericidal, and fungicidal properties.

      Antimicrobial Activity:
      Several studies were conducted to identify and prove the antimicrobial activity of beta-Pinene. One of such studies was in the year 2012 where β-pinene an essential component of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil proved positive.

      Alpha Bisabolol

      Alpha-bisabolol is an aromatic terpene, coveted for its pleasant and mildly sweet floral scent which is mostly associated with German chamomile and even some perfumes.However, that’s likely to change as a growing body of research keeps discovering new properties of alpha-bisabolol which have much more tangible and sweeping applications than a nice smell.

      Alpha Bisabolol’s Benfits

      Anti-Cancer Effects
      Of course, the first thought that comes up when a cannabis compound is mentioned in the context of medicine is cancer. Indeed, alpha-bisabolol has demonstrated some promise – different studies over the last decade have found the terpene useful in the fight against pancreatic cancer and leukemia.1,2

      Painkilling and Antibiotic Effects
      First, a study from 2009 found alpha-bisabolol to have noticeable painkilling and antibiotic effects.3However, the more interesting discovery came last year when scientists witnessed that besides its straightforward antibiotic properties, the terpene can actually synergize with other antibiotics, helping them fight bacteria like E.coli and S. aureus.4

      Anti-Inflammatory Effects
      Since alpha-bisabolol is often used as a soothing supplement in many cosmetic products, a study from 2011 sought to understand the mechanism behind the terpene’s anti-inflammatory properties.5

      Alpha-bisabolol exerts anti-inflammatory effects by downregulating expression of iNOS and COX-2 genes through inhibition of NF-κB and AP-1 (ERK and p38) signaling,” the scientists explain.

      This is a major finding since inflammation plays a central part in many diseases and the discomfort they cause.

      Other Effects
      Besides its powerful medicinal effects and promising properties, alpha-bisabolol is also considered a relaxant, which can contribute to overall well-being, especially for those who struggle with depression, anxiety, and insomnia. 

        Phytol

        Phytol is an acyclic diterpene alcohol that can be used as a precursor for the manufacture of synthetic forms of vitamin E and vitamin K1. In ruminants, the gut fermentation of ingested plant materials liberates phytol, a constituent of chlorophyll, which is then converted to phytanic acid and stored in fats.

        Possessing an oily consistency, phytol displays a yellow pigment that is sometimes used in food dyes. While phytol does exude a grassy scent, it is not as aromatic as many other terpenes, such as geranyl. Similar to other terpenes, phytol is a part of the plant world and is a byproduct of chlorophyll as it breaks down. The terpene may have the ability to fight certain parasites, according to a 2014 study published in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. A 2002 study published by the Society of Toxicology found that phytol may also play a role in preventing birth defects caused by vitamin A.

        One of the most common sources of phytol is in green tea varieties, including matcha and sencha. If you take vitamin supplements E or K, or a multivitamin that contains these, then you have probably experienced phytol. In addition, phytol is a frequent ingredient in fragrances, cosmetics, shampoos, household cleaners, and detergents.

        Phytol’s Benefits

        Antitumor
        Like many other terpenes and cannabinoids found in cannabis, phytol has demonstrable anti-tumor properties. A 2015 study indicated that it may be particularly effective for the treatment of liver cancer, however other studies support phytol’s ability to fight other kinds of tumors as well (such as breast cancer).

        Anti-inflammation
        Inflammation is a very common component of pain, and many compounds that fight inflammation tend to relieve pain. Phytol is no exception, and several studies have shown the inter-related nature of phytol’s anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.

        Anti-convulsive and Anti-anxiety
        Through a shared mechanism (the brain’s use of the neurotransmitter GABA), phytol has shown promise as both an anti-anxiety and anti-convulsant medication. Thus far, these studies have only been conducted in animals, so more research is needed to understand phytol’s impacts on human health.

        The Role of Phytol in Cannabis
        Sour Diesel and Cheese are two cannabis varieties that contain high levels of phytol. The light fragrance in phytol may provide a mildly aromatic experience. Phytol-rich cannabis may also induce a mild relaxing and sedative effect.

        Bottom Line
        One of the less aromatic terpenes, phytol is known for its antioxidant properties and may also offer hope as a cancer fighter and seizure reducer.

        Fenchol

        Fenchol is a terpene found in a variety of different plants, including basil and fennel. It is used extensively in the perfume industry, as well as in the food processing industry. It has a bitter, lime-like taste, as well as a sharp aroma.

        Fenchol is also known to possess antibacterial properties. In nature, fenchol comes from a very wide range of plants, but is most famously associated with basil. However, it is also found in cannabis in smaller quantities, making this a secondary terpene, rather than a primary terpene like pinene or myrcene.

         

        Fenchol’s Benefits

        • Antioxidant
        • Antimicrobial
        • Antifungal

        Alpha Phellandrene

        A pair of organic compounds, identified as alpha-phellandrene and beta-phellandrene, which share similar molecular structure and chemical properties. Both are classified as monoterpenes and are double-bond isomers. Alpha-phellandrene is a constituent of eucalyptus essential oil, while beta-phellandrene has been isolated from the oils of water fennel and Canadian balsam. Minty and citrus profiles make the phellandrenes popular components in commercial fragrances.

        In addition to its presence in certain varieties of cannabis, phellandrene is found in ginger grass, cinnamon, angelica, lavender, mint, dill, parsley, and pine. If you enjoy wearing fresh, forest-inspired fragrances, then you may have experienced phellandrene. As a terpene with culinary usages, phellandrene could be present in dishes as diverse as cinnamon French toast and dill potato salad. Even a scoop of mint chocolate chip ice cream, if made from genuine mint leaves, could offer a glimpse into the aroma and flavor properties of phellandrene. Finally, you may have encountered phellandrene during an aromatherapy massage with the common healing oils of lavender or eucalyptus.

        Alpha Phellandrene’s Benefits

        Anticancer
        A study published in 2014 in the journal Nutrition and Cancer found that alpha-phellandrene significantly decreased the viability of human liver tumor cells. More recent studies showed similar results in models of leukemia. Because these were performed on cancerous cells, additional research is needed to determine how alpha-phellandrene could affect clinical cases of cancer.

        Fungicide
        A 2017 study published in the journal Botanical Studies also demonstrates alpha-phellandrene’s potential antifungal benefits. The study measured the ability of alpha-phellandrene to prevent or inhibit the growth of fungus on plants, notably post-harvest tomatoes. Researchers concluded that alpha-phellandrene showed fungicidal activity that could control the Pennicilium cyclopium fungus in tomatoes. The study did not examine alpha-phellandrene’s possible effects on fungal infections in humans or animals.  

        Anti-Inflammation
        Many terpenes found in nature have anti-inflammatory properties, and phellandrene is no exception. Interestingly, the mechanisms by which phellandrene reduces inflammation are different than most other terpenes, although these effects still need to be confirmed in human studies.

        Analgesic
        Several animal studies have demonstrated phellandrene’s ability to relieve pain. Either alone or as a major constituent of a plant essential oils, phellandrene appears to have promising effects on several types of pain, including neuropathy (nerve pain).

          Ashwagandha Root

          • Ashwagandhais a prominent herb in Indian Ayurvedic medicine and has become a popular supplement due to its health benefits. t’s classified as an “adaptogen,” meaning that it can help your body manage stress.

          Ashwagandha’s Benefits

          It Can Reduce Blood Sugar LevelsIn several studies,
          Ashwagandha has been shown to lower blood sugar levels.

          ● One test-tube study found that it increased insulin secretion and improved insulin sensitivity in muscle cells. (*Note 1)

          ● Several human studies have confirmed its ability to reduce blood sugar levels in both healthy people and those with diabetes. (*Note 2).
          Additionally, in one four-week study in people with schizophrenia, those treated with ashwagandha had an average reduction in fasting blood sugar levels of 13.5 mg/dL, compared to 4.5 mg/dL in those who received a placebo. (*note 3)
          In a small study in six people with type 2 diabetes, supplementing with ashwagandha for 30 days lowered fasting blood sugar levels as effectively as an oral diabetes medication (6Trusted Source).

          SUMMARY Ashwagandha may reduce blood sugar levels through its effects on insulin secretion and sensitivity.

          *Note 1. Source – U.S. National Library of Medicine:
          www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25796090
          *Note 2. Source – U.S. National Library of Medicine, 3 articles:
          (i)   www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23125505
          (ii)  www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3757622
          (iii) www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11116534
          *Note 3. Source – U.S. National Library of Medicine:
          www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3757622

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